• Population 11,485,048
  • Area (km2) 114,760
  • GDP per capita (USD) 1,240.83
  • TPES (Mtoe) 5.10
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 6.76

Benin’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Benin has the relevant energy policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of policy goals and commitments.

risk level

Among the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to unpredictable policy and regulatory change and discrimination between foreign and domestic investors.
  • 32%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 33%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 23%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Benin’s performance is good on two indicators, and it is moderate on two indicators. Rule of law and management of decision-making processes are the highest-scoring indicators this year, both at 78. On foresight of policy and regulatory change it is again at 49, while its score on regulatory environment and investment conditions has decreased from 59 to 45.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Benin’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. In 2020, institutional governance is the highest-scoring sub-indicator with a score of 88, followed by management and settlement of investor-State disputes at 80. It has a good score of 75 on respect for property rights. On transparency its score is 68, while communication of vision and policies is at 65. Its score on the sub-indicators regulatory effectiveness and restrictions on FDI is at 56 and 35, respectively. Robustness of policy goals and commitments remains the lowest scoring sub-indicator at 33.