• Population 11,485,048
  • Area (km2) 114,760
  • GDP per capita (USD) 1,240.82
  • TPES (Mtoe) 5.24
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 7.2

Benin’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Benin has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to increasing the robustness of its policy goals and commitments.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 31%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 30%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 23%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Benin’s performance is good on two of the EIRA indicators, and it is moderate on two indicators. Management of decision-making processes is the highest-scoring indicator this year at 80, followed by rule of law at 78. Its score on regulatory environment and investment conditions has improved by eight points and stands at 53, while foresight of policy and regulatory change is at 49.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Benin’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. In 2021, institutional governance is the highest-scoring sub-indicator at 88, followed by management and settlement of investor-State disputes at 80. It has a good score of 75 on respect for property rights. On transparency, the score has increased from 68 to 72, while communication of vision and policies is at 65. Its score on the sub-indicators regulatory effectiveness and restrictions on FDI is 61 and 45, respectively. Robustness of policy goals and commitments is the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 34.