• Population 161,356,039
  • Area (km2) 147,630
  • GDP per capita (USD) 1,698.35
  • TPES (Mtoe) 41.90
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 82.0

Bangladesh’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is moderate.

While there are some improvements in Bangladesh’s performance compared to EIRA 2020, further steps must be taken to build on the work done. Particular attention should be given to strengthening the respect for property rights in the country.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, unpredictable policy and regulatory change is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and breach of State obligations.
  • 42%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 42%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 55%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Bangladesh has a moderate performance on three of the EIRA indicators and a good performance on one indicator. Its score on the management of decision-making processes indicator is 69. The country has maintained its scores from EIRA 2020 on the indicators foresight of policy and regulatory change (59), regulatory environment and investment conditions (58), and rule of law (45).

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Bangladesh’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. The highest-scoring sub-indicators are communication of vision and policies and transparency, both at 70. On institutional governance (69), regulatory effectiveness (67), management and settlement of investor-State disputes (65), restrictions on FDI (50) and robustness of policy goals and commitments (48), it has the same scores as in EIRA 2020. Its score on the sub-indicator respect for property rights continues to be the lowest at 25.