• Population 159,670,593
  • Area (km2) 147,630
  • GDP per capita (USD) 1,563.99
  • TPES (Mtoe) 39.55
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 73.30
download bangladesh's eira 2019 profile

Bangladesh’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is moderate.

While there are some improvements in Bangladesh’s performance compared to 2018, further steps must be taken to build on the work done. Particular attention should be given to strengthening the respect for property rights in the country.

risk level

The risk of discrimination between foreign and domestic investors continues to be the lowest and its level has dropped compared to 2018. It is followed by unpredictable policy and regulatory change, which has also reduced vis-à-vis last year. Breach of State obligations is on the same level and remains the highest risk area.

  • 44%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 43%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 55%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Bangladesh has a moderate performance on three of the EIRA indicators, and a good performance on one indicator. Management of decision-making processes has received the highest score (68). Compared to last year, performance on this indicator has improved by 3 points. The country has maintained its score of 58 on the indicator regulatory environment and investment conditions and 56 on foresight of policy and regulatory change. On rule of law, it has again scored 45 points.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Bangladesh’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. The highest scoring sub-indicator is institutional governance with 69 points. The country has improved its performance by 6 points on this sub-indicator. On transparency (68), regulatory effectiveness (67), communication of vision and policies (67), management and settlement of investor-State disputes (65), restrictions on FDI (50) and robustness of policy goals and commitments (45) it has the same scores as in 2018. Performance on the respect for property rights sub-indicator continues to be the lowest with 25 points.