• Population 2,866,376
  • Area (km2) 28,750
  • GDP per capita (USD) 5,268.85
  • TPES (Mtoe) 2.35
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 4.34
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Albania’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Albania has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given better communicating its vision and policies.

risk level

All three risks assessed in EIRA, namely, discrimination between foreign and domestic investors, breach of State obligations, and unpredictable policy and regulatory change continue to be on the same level as in 2019.
  • 25%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 23%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 23%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Albania’s performance against the four indicators is good. It has maintained a good score on the indicators management of decision-making processes (79), rule of law (77), and regulatory environment and investment conditions (76). On foresight of policy and regulatory change, it has retained a score of 69.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Albania’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. The highest-scoring sub-indicators are again transparency and respect for property rights, both at 83. Its performance on the sub-indicators restrictions on FDI (80), institutional governance (75), robustness of policy goals and commitments (75), regulatory effectiveness (72), and management and settlement of investor-State disputes (70) remains unchanged from last year. Communication of vision and policies remains the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 62.