• Population 2,866,376
  • Area (km2) 28,750
  • GDP per capita (USD) 5,284.38
  • TPES (Mtoe) 2.34
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 4.3

Albania’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Albania has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to better communicating its vision and policies.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and breach of State obligations are lower compared to unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 25%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 23%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 23%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Albania’s performance against EIRA’s four indicators is good. It has maintained a good score on the indicators management of decision-making processes (79), rule of law (77), and regulatory environment and investment conditions (76). On foresight of policy and regulatory change, the country’s performance has improved by a point and stands at 70.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Albania’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. The highest-scoring sub-indicators are transparency and respect for property rights, both at 83. On restrictions on FDI (80), institutional governance (75), robustness of policy goals and commitments (75), regulatory effectiveness (72), and management and settlement of investor-State disputes (70) it has the same score as in EIRA 2020. Its score on communication of vision and policies has improved by three points, from 62 to 65.