• Population 37,172,386
  • Area (km2) 652,860
  • GDP per capita (USD) 520.90
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A

Afghanistan’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Afghanistan has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to strengthening the country’s regulatory effectiveness.

risk level

Among the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations, unpredictable policy and regulatory change, and discrimination between foreign and domestic investors are on the same level as last year.

  • 41%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 44%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 35%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Afghanistan’s performance is good on one indicator, and it is moderate on three indicators. It has the same score as last year on rule of law (65), and management of decision-making processes (56). On foresight of policy and regulatory change, its score has improved by a point and is now 56. It has again scored 47 on regulatory environment and investment conditions.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Afghanistan’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. Management and settlement of investor-State disputes continues to be the highest-scoring sub-indicator at 80. Its score on communication of vision and policies has improved by a point and stands at 74. On restrictions on FDI (60), institutional governance (56), transparency (56), and respect for property rights (50) there are no changes to the scores compared to 2019. Its performance on robustness of policy goals and commitments (38) is also the same as last year. Regulatory effectiveness continues to be the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 33.