• Population 37,172,386
  • Area (km2) 652,860
  • GDP per capita (USD) 493.75
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A

Afghanistan’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Afghanistan has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to strengthening the country’s regulatory effectiveness.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to unpredictable policy and regulatory change and discrimination between domestic and foreign investors.

  • 41%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 44%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 35%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Afghanistan’s performance is good on one indicator, and it is moderate on three indicators. Its highest-scoring indicator is rule of law at 65. It has the same score as in EIRA 2020 on the indicators foresight of policy and regulatory change (56), management of decision-making processes (56), and regulatory environment and investment conditions (47).

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Afghanistan’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. Management and settlement of investor-State disputes continues to be the highest-scoring sub-indicator at 80. Compared to EIRA 2020, there were no changes to its scores on communication of vision and policies (74), restrictions on FDI (60), institutional governance (56), transparency (56) and respect for property rights (50). Its performance on robustness of policy goals and commitments (38) is on the same level as in EIRA 2020. Regulatory effectiveness continues to be the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 33.