Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Population 3,323,929
  • Area (km2) 51,210
  • GDP per capita (USD) 6,065.67
  • TPES (Mtoe) 6.76
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 22.33

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is moderate.

While BiH has maintained its performance from last year, further steps must be taken to build on the work done. Particular attention should be given to strengthening the country’s institutional governance.

risk level

Among the three risks assessed in EIRA, discrimination between foreign and domestic investors and breach of State obligations are lower compared to unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 50%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 40%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 42%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

BiH’s performance is moderate on three indicators, and it is good on one indicator. The country has maintained a score of 75 on regulatory environment and investment conditions, and 58 on rule of law. On the foresight of policy and regulatory change indicator it has scored 47. Its score on management of decision-making processes is 46.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, BiH’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. The highest-scoring sub-indicator is restrictions on FDI at 80. On management and settlement of investor-State disputes (75), regulatory effectiveness (70), and transparency (67) it has the same score as last year. On communication of vision and policies it has scored 56. Following this is the sub-indicator respect for property rights at 42. On robustness of policy goals and commitments it has scored 38. Institutional governance is again the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 25.