• Population 1,136,191
  • Area (km2) 17,360
  • GDP per capita (USD) 4,145.97
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A

Eswatini’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is moderate.

While Eswatini has maintained its performance from last year, further steps must be taken to build on the work done. Particular attention should be given to reinforcing respect for property rights.

risk level

Among the three risks assessed in EIRA, unpredictable policy and regulatory change is lower compared to discrimination between foreign and domestic investors and breach of State obligations.
  • 41%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 47%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 56%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Eswatini’s performance is moderate on three indicators, and it has a good on one indicator. It has maintained a score of 76 on foresight of policy and regulatory change. Regulatory environment and investment conditions and management of decision-making processes are at 60 and 56, respectively. On rule of law it has once again scored 44.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Eswatini’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. Communication of vision and policies is once again the highest-scoring sub-indicator (78), followed by robustness of policy goals and commitments and institutional governance, both at 75. Restrictions on FDI stands at 70, while management and settlement of investor-State disputes is at 55. On regulatory effectiveness it has scored 50. The sub-indicators transparency and respect for property rights continue to be the lowest-scoring sub-indicators at 36 and 33, respectively.