The Gambia

  • Population 2,280,102
  • Area (km2) 11,300
  • GDP per capita (USD) 732.71
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 0.6

The Gambia’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is moderate.

While there are some improvements in The Gambia’s performance compared to EIRA 2020, further steps need to be taken to build on the work done. Particular attention should be given to strengthening the respect for property rights in the country.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, discrimination between domestic and foreign investors is lower compared to breach of State obligations and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 46%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 41%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 43%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

The Gambia’s performance is good on one indicator, and it is moderate on three indicators. It has maintained a good score of 68 on regulatory environment and investment conditions. On rule of law, it has a score of 57, the same as in EIRA 2020. Its score on management of decision-making processes has increased by two points and stands at 52. On the indicator foresight of policy and regulatory change, its performance has improved by 19 points, and its score is now 52.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, The Gambia’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. The highest-scoring sub-indicators are restrictions on FDI at 75 and management and settlement of investor-State disputes at 73. On regulatory effectiveness, its score is 61, the same as in EIRA 2020. Its score has improved by 15 points on the sub-indicator communication of vision and policies, from 41 to 56. Following this is institutional governance at 53 and transparency at 50. Its score on robustness of policy goals and commitments has improved the most, from 25 to 49. This year, respect for property rights is the lowest-scoring sub-indicator at 42.