• Population 9,956,011
  • Area (km2) 89,320
  • GDP per capita (USD) 4,312.18
  • TPES (Mtoe) 9.11
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 23.0

Jordan’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Jordan has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to lowering the existing restrictions on FDI.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 33%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 32%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 22%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Jordan’s performance is good on two indicators, and it is moderate on two indicators. Rule of law is the highest-scoring indicator at 78 this year. On management of decision-making processes, Jordan’s score has increased from 68 to 70, while on regulatory environment and investment conditions it has the same score as in EIRA 2020 (56). Its score on foresight of policy and regulatory change has gone up from 51 to 55.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Jordan’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. On the highest-scoring sub-indicator, management and settlement of investor-State disputes, its score has improved from 80 to 90 compared to EIRA 2020. Following this is institutional governance at 75. Next are the sub-indicators respect for property rights and regulatory effectiveness, both at 67. Its score on transparency has improved, from 62 to 65. Next is the sub-indicator communication of vision and policies, on which its score has gone up from 57 to 61. Its score on robustness of policy goals and commitments has also improved from 44 to 48. This year, the lowest-scoring sub-indicator is restrictions on FDI at 45.