• Population 37,800
  • Area (km2) 160
  • GDP per capita (USD) 168,146.02
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A
download Liechtenstein's eira 2019 profile

Liechtenstein’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

Liechtenstein provides attractive conditions for investors and is working in the right direction. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of the country’s policy goals and commitments.

risk level

The risk of breach of State obligations remains the lowest, compared to 2018. It is followed by discrimination between foreign and domestic investors, which is also on the same level as last year. Unpredictable policy and regulatory change is again the highest risk area, though the level has decreased.

  • 31%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 25%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 21%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Liechtenstein has a very good performance on one EIRA indicator and a good performance on two. It has a moderate performance on one indicator. On regulatory environment and investment conditions, it has a score of 81. This is followed by rule of law with 79 points. On management of decision-making processes it has retained a good score of 67 points. The score on foresight of policy and regulatory change has gone up from 59 to 60.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Liechtenstein’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. Restrictions on FDI is once again the highest-scoring sub-indicator with 100 points. On respect for property rights (83), institutional governance (75) and management and settlement of investor-State disputes (75) it has received the same score as last year. Liechtenstein improved its performance on communication of vision and policies (71) by two points. On regulatory effectiveness (61) and transparency (58), it has retained the scores from 2018. Robustness of policy goals and commitments is again the lowest-scoring sub-indicator with 48 points.