• Population 3,170,208
  • Area (km2) 1,564,116
  • GDP per capita (USD) 4,134.98
  • TPES (Mtoe) 5.75
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 21.1

Mongolia’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Mongolia has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to easing the current restrictions on FDI and enhancing the respect for property rights.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, unpredictable policy and regulatory change is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and breach of State obligations.
  • 27%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 35%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 35%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Mongolia’s performance is good on three indicators, and it is moderate on one. It has the highest score on the indicators foresight of policy and regulatory change and management of decision-making processes (77). On the indicator rule of law, it has a score of 65. Its score on regulatory environment and investment conditions is 53.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Mongolia’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. The highest-scoring sub-indicators are institutional governance and management and settlement of investor-State disputes, at 88 and 80. Its score on communication of vision and policies is 79, while on robustness of policy goals and commitments, it has a score of 75. On transparency, the country’s score has improved by nine points and now stands at 67. It has maintained a moderate score of 56 on regulatory effectiveness. Restrictions on FDI and respect for property rights are the lowest-scoring sub-indicators, both at 50.