• Population 19,587,491
  • Area (km2) 238,400
  • GDP per capita (USD) 10,792.96
  • TPES (Mtoe) 31.74
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 67.90
download romania's eira 2019 profile

Romania’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is very low.

Romania provides attractive conditions for investors and is working in the right direction. Attention should be given to better communicating the country’s vision and policies.

risk level

Among the three EIRA risk areas, breach of State obligations continues to be lower compared to discrimination between foreign and domestic investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.

  • 25%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 17%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 13%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Romania has a very good performance on two of the EIRA indicators. It has a good performance on one indicator and a moderate performance on one. It has maintained a score of 88 on the indicator rule of law, and 81 on regulatory environment and investment conditions. Management of decision-making processes is again at 80, while foresight of policy and regulatory change is at 59.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Romania’s overall sub-indicator performance is also good. Respect for property rights and restrictions on FDI remain the highest-scoring sub-indicators with 100 and 90 points, respectively. Institutional governance stands again at 88 and management and settlement of investor-State disputes is at 75. A good score has been obtained for transparency and regulatory effectiveness, both with 72 points. Performance on robustness of policy goals and commitments is good with 68 points. Communication of vision and policies remains the lowest-scoring sub-indicator with 50 points.