• Population 12,301,939
  • Area (km2) 26,340
  • GDP per capita (USD) 772.94
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A

Rwanda’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is very low.

Rwanda provides attractive conditions to investors and is working in the right direction. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of policy goals and commitments.

risk level

Among the three risks covered by EIRA, breach of State obligations is the lowest, followed by discrimination between foreign and domestic investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 22%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 19%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 9%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Rwanda has a very good performance on one indicator, and a good performance on three indicators. It once again has a score of 91 on the indicator rule of law. On regulatory environment and investment conditions, its score has gone up by two points and stands at 79. Its score on management of decision-making processes has also improved from 73 to 74. The score on foresight of policy and regulatory change has increased from 66 to 67.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Rwanda’s sub-indicator performance is very good. Respect for property rights continues to be the highest-scoring sub-indicator at 92. On management and settlement of investor-State disputes (90) the score remains the same as in 2019. Its scores on the sub-indicators restrictions on FDI and communication of vision and policies have gone up from 83 and 82, respectively, to 85. The performance on transparency has improved by three points and is now at 83. The scores on regulatory effectiveness (72) and institutional governance (66) are unchanged from last year. Its performance on robustness of policy goals and commitments has improved from 49 to 50, although this is again the lowest-scoring sub-indicator.