• Population 12,301,939
  • Area (km2) 26,340
  • GDP per capita (USD) 783.28
  • TPES (Mtoe) N/A
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) N/A

Rwanda’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is very low.

Rwanda provides attractive conditions to investors and is working in the right direction. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of its policy goals and commitments.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 20%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 16%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 9%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Rwanda has a very good performance on two indicators and a good performance on two indicators. It once again has a score of 91 on the indicator rule of law. On management of decision-making processes, its score has gone up by seven points and stands at 81. Its score on regulatory environment and investment conditions has improved from 79 to 80. The score on foresight of policy and regulatory change has increased from 67 to 69.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Rwanda’s sub-indicator performance is very good. Respect for property rights continues to be the highest-scoring sub-indicator at 92. On management and settlement of investor-State disputes (90), the score remains the same as in EIRA 2020. Rwanda’s score on communication of vision and policies has gone up from 85 to 88. Its performance on the sub-indicators restrictions on FDI (85) and transparency (83) remains the same as in EIRA 2020. The score on institutional governance has increased by 12 points, from 66 to 78, and on regulatory effectiveness, it has gone up from 72 to 76. Robustness of policy goals and commitments is again the lowest-scoring sub-indicator with a score of 50.