• Population 44,622,518
  • Area (km2) 603,550
  • GDP per capita (USD) 3,096.81
  • TPES (Mtoe) 93.49
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 181.8

Ukraine’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Ukraine has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of its policy goals and commitments and reinforcing the respect for property rights.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, discrimination between domestic and foreign investors is lower compared to unpredictable policy and regulatory change and breach of State obligations.
  • 36%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 33%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 38%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Ukraine’s performance is good on all the EIRA indicators. It has maintained a score of 71 on the indicator regulatory environment and investment conditions. On the indicators management of decision-making processes (68), rule of law (63), and foresight of policy and regulatory change (61), it has the same score as in EIRA 2020.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Ukraine’s overall subindicator performance is good. Its highest-scoring sub-indicator is transparency at 83, followed by management and settlement of the investor-State disputes at 75. On communication of vision and policies, its score has increased by a point and stands at 73. On regulatory effectiveness (72), restrictions on FDI (70), and institutional governance (53), it has the same score as in EIRA 2020. Robustness of policy goals and commitments and respect for property rights are the lowest-scoring sub-indicators, both at 50.