• Population 4,087,843
  • Area (km2) 88,070
  • GDP per capita (USD) 15,014.08
  • TPES (Mtoe) 8.51
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 15.3

Croatia’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While Croatia has the relevant policies and measures in place, there is potential for improvement. Attention should be given to strengthening the robustness of policy goals and commitments.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, breach of State obligations is lower compared to discrimination between domestic and foreign investors and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 29%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 28%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 26%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Croatia has a good performance on all the EIRA indicators. It has maintained its score from EIRA 2020 on the indicator rule of law (74) and the indicators management of decision-making processes (71), and regulatory environment and investment conditions (71). Its score on foresight of policy and regulatory change has increased from 57 to 68.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Croatia’s overall sub-indicator performance is good. The highest-scoring sub-indicator is respect for property rights at 83. Its score on communication of vision and policies has increased from 59 to 79. It has received the same score as in EIRA 2020 on the sub-indicators transparency (79), regulatory effectiveness (72), restrictions on FDI (70), management and settlement of investor-State disputes (65) and institutional governance (63). Its score on robustness of policy goals and commitments has increased from 56 to 58, although this is the lowest-scoring sub-indicator.