• Population 19,077,690
  • Area (km2) 1,240,190
  • GDP per capita (USD) 894.80
  • TPES (Mtoe) 5.29
  • Energy intensity
    (toe/103 2010 USD)
  • CO2 emissions - energy (MtCO2) 5.6

Mali’s overall risk level against
the assessed areas is low.

While there are some policies and measures in place, more concrete steps must be taken to strengthen Mali’s performance across all indicators and underlying sub-indicators. Particular attention must be given to enhancing transparency in the country.

risk level

Of the three risks assessed in EIRA, discrimination between domestic and foreign investors is lower compared to breach of State obligations and unpredictable policy and regulatory change.
  • 43%
    Unpredictable policy and regulatory changes
  • 35%
    Discrimination between foreign and domestic investors
  • 43%
    Breach of state obligations

indicator performance

Mali’s performance is good on one indicator, and it is moderate on three indicators. Regulatory environment and investment conditions is the highest-scoring indicator with a score of 79, followed by management of decision-making processes at 59. Its score on rule of law is 57, while on foresight of policy and regulatory change it is 55.

Sub-indicator performance

On a more detailed level, Mali’s overall sub-indicator performance is moderate. The highest-scoring sub-indicator is restrictions on FDI at 80, followed by regulatory effectiveness at 78. Its score on the sub-indicator institutional governance is 75. On the sub-indicators respect for property rights and robustness of policy goals and commitments, it has received scores of 58 and 56, respectively. On management and settlement of investor- State disputes, its score stands at 55, while on communication of vision and policies it is 53. The lowest-scoring sub-indicator is transparency at 43.